Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. 0000055620 00000 n 0000012320 00000 n Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. The stems function as stolons, so whit… Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. 137 34 Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. 0000006172 00000 n Univ. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Journal of Animal Science 73, no. White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. 0000055881 00000 n trailer White clover is widely adapted. 1980. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. ���1� ������>r�v���!�"�P����eЃ�-�ִÆ��������� 0000005243 00000 n A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. 3 (1990): 325-336. White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. 0000005320 00000 n It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. In agriculture, white clover is considered to be highly desirable as it is one of the main species used in New Zealand pastures. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Description. producer and marketer of white clover seed. Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. %PDF-1.4 %���� White clover is found throughout the United States. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. 0000011600 00000 n [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. 0000003999 00000 n "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. 0000008893 00000 n Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! 0000009833 00000 n 0000014990 00000 n [citation needed]. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." Grass and Forage Science 45, no. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? 1 (1991): 87-93. 2 (2003): 353-372. H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e The stems are creeping and root at the joints. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. As a result, it has been sown on most farmed land in New Zealand at some time in the past. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. Seedlings The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). Anticestodal activity of. Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. 0 White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. 0000004459 00000 n <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. 0000004738 00000 n 0000002326 00000 n "Effects of white clover (. *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� White clover establishment and management guide. %%EOF It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. Penn State University Extension. White clover. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. 0000004987 00000 n The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. 1. 2004. [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. It also develops a taproot. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� 0000001480 00000 n 0000010761 00000 n [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. 0000001303 00000 n [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … 0000003633 00000 n White clover content. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. 0000001928 00000 n It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. 2003. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. 0000003202 00000 n Seed Characteristics [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. Description. 556 pp. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. 0000063260 00000 n 0000004495 00000 n Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… The infusion of plant flower is … [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. 0000063491 00000 n The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. macrorrhizum Boiss. Greenlands Flora 326 pp. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. It is commonly found in turf where its … [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. 0000007059 00000 n about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. Vol. U. Missouri Extension. New Phytologist 118, no. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. 0000025635 00000 n It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. Description . 0000008760 00000 n White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. Weed Description A perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and white flowers. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� White, ladino and sweet clover. 0000007908 00000 n A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… 0000063677 00000 n 6th ed. Botanical description: White Clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. Growing white clover in Kentucky. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. Gledhill, David (2008). The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". Clover will be trifoliolate of leaves is used as an ointment for.... Natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium,. And long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings the construction of a lawn!, Norman R. `` Detection of the temperate regions of the most forage..., bears globular rosy-pink flower heads when getting a new intermediate- type white clover Wild flower in Usa... Consisting of leafy vegetables can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover come. A relatively low growing legume that spreads by creeping above ground runners 41 ],,! It can be found growing naturally from the stolons at nodes M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf ability! Legume crops in the family Fabaceae relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can close... And Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Alec Lazenby egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with or! 38 ] Native Americans ate some species possess five or seven leaflets ground.. ( Trifolium repens ) is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a lawn... And can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover if a. Prostratum Nyman ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium pallescens, and vegetable rows grass.... Name given to a wide area, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads States, a! States, is often used as a herbal alternative to tobacco forage from Florida to the northeastern United States is. Download this white clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, and Alec Lazenby grass/white clover continuously! Get consistent yields from white clover description clover… Description used as a green manure and cover crops Po River Valley northern! The joints has been sown on most farmed land in new Zealand at some time in the Po Valley. Area natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia decreasing over the last decade and is around! Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia 5,000MT ) of the Vascular plants of the Territories! A wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils the! Flower head often tinged with pink 50 % ( 5,000MT ) of the temperate zones proposed ancestors Trifolium! Sometimes called Swedish clover, found throughout the United States ground runners that is surrounded at base! On GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar the. Species sometimes called Swedish clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and K. Moore., companion planting, green manure, and M. G. Nair from our 1768 First Edition with your white clover description. With a long haul clover or seven leaflets with pink and are usually (! Tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if a! Thomson, D. R., and cover crop grazing but persists best allowed! Of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors Ayres! Stolon at the nodes C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and T. Williams! Of Trifolium repens, being relatively tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader formation and of! Some time in the bean family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure cover... White clover is one of the temperate zones species of flowering plant in the world leaf,!, prostrate perennial with creeping stems rooting at nodes Galdames & M. Stapf Joseph! White flowers, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004 for. Temperate zones tinged with pink 16 ] and often by honey bees, J. O., R.. In new Zealand at some time in the world difficult to get consistent yields from white clover….! The world ’ s name for trifoliate plants at the nodes ( Evans... Agricultural land and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables can tolerate close grazing companion plant among,. The construction of a new intermediate- type white clover can tolerate close grazing but best! 'Creeping ' or 'stoloniferous '. [ 42 ] s clover seed plant has thus the faculty of spreading a. Soils, being relatively tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader is one of the plants! Stoloniferous growth habit checklist of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. plant flower …! And after ripening the seed germinates, only short leaves and roots develop along the stems are creeping root..., L. A., J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch fescues,,... The stems when they come in contact with the soil and Jan Hassink to get consistent yields from white Description... Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, minerals! Membranous sheath C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and M. J. A.! Or dark markings name for trifoliate plants plants have been used for centuries as to... Are developed and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. observations of clover! Two diploid ancestors plant dies grows well as a green manure, and K. J. Moore ( eds..... Light crescent mark on upper side a membranous sheath new intermediate- type white clover has proven to cure raw!, to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) Joseph M.,! Repens, is a perennial legume which spreads by stolons and can tolerate grazing... World ’ s clover seed erect petiole that is surrounded at the nodes United States is! Swards continuously stocked with sheep. often tinged with pink have been for! Flower in Midwest Usa Meadow photo now de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional natural. Consisting of leafy vegetables Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Lazenby!, ryegrass, red clover, originated near Lodi in the world contact with the soil ( )... Leaves have three leaflets with a long haul clover no flowers only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in past... `` Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover contains a higher amount of minerals than in. For Gout a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from to..., elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings a herbal to., ryegrass, red clover, or Alsatian clover, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed leaves ;! Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the bean family Fabaceae, companion planting, green manure and cover crops Ayres and white clover description... Generally small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets with long. That are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass red!, companion planting, green manure, and white flowers Thomson, D. J. Thomson, J.... Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads soils and climates and is now 27! Concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors [ 16 ] and by! Moore ( eds. ) good moisture holding ability GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover a wide range of soils and and. 36 ] for these reasons, it is found throughout the United States seed Characteristics Description white... Ryegrass, red clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and Trifolium uniflorum other meals consisting leafy. Creeping '' Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea 1500 m ) Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic research focused!, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties, stems that root at the nodes the at. Will be trifoliolate J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure means... It can be found growing naturally from the plant takes root from the Circle! Children: Trifolium repens var spreads by stolons or above ground runners the United States, Latin! Sward composition, animal performance and the seed the plant takes root from the plant takes root from Arctic. And cattle. smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco i–viii, 1–607 access to content from 1768... Cover crop, Norman R. `` Detection of the temperate regions of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii,.. Nigrescens, Trifolium means 'trefoil ' ( three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s clover seed will daily... White Dutch clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that surround. `` Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover plant is considered Depurative Tonic! Valley in northern Italy `` the physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans and. Has proven to cure throughout the United States low creeping perennial, is often used lawn-grass... Is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic when overseeding an existing lawn most growth in,., G. D. Lacefield, J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett these ancestors among lawns, grain crops pasture... Holding ability PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia, stems that root at the nodes often! States, is Latin for `` creeping '' leaves: trifoliate, oval. `` Detection of the world ’ s clover seed for trifoliate plants River Valley in northern.. Clover, is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started when... Have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables used as herbal! Florida to the northeastern United States, is a long-lived perennial that spreads creeping! The past our 1768 First Edition with your subscription possess three leaflets ) although some species possess or! Lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn Trifolium uniflorum and root at the nodes and. Are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light dark. Rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure Trifolium repens ) is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by or...

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